Where does medullary thyroid cancer spread to?
Medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) is a neuroendocrine tumor that is derived from C cells of the thyroid gland. It is a rare aggressive tumor, known to metastasize to lymph nodes, liver, bones, and lungs.
How is medullary thyroid cancer managed for the long term?
Surgery of the thyroid gland itself and surgery for the lymph nodes of the neck. The basic concept is however very simple, remove all of the cancer. Medullary Thyroid Cancer should be removed by a total thyroidectomy and a simultaneous central compartment dissection (removal of lymph nodes)!
What percentage of thyroid cancer is medullary?
How common is medullary thyroid cancer? Thyroid cancer is fairly common. There are four different types of thyroid cancers and MTC is the rarest type making up 3% to 4% of all thyroid cancers. About 1,000 people are diagnosed with MTC each year in the U.S.
Can medullary thyroid cancer return?
Inherited and sporadic medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) is an uncommon and medically challenging malignancy. Even if the extent of initial surgery is deemed adequate, the recurrence rate remains high, up to 50% in most series.
Is medullary thyroid cancer inherited?
Familial medullary thyroid cancer (FMTC) is an inherited condition and a subtype of MEN2 (multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2), a hereditary endocrine cancer syndrome.
Is medullary thyroid cancer aggressive?
Medullary thyroid cancer is a rare aggressive type of thyroid neoplasia. Significant predictors for MTC are age, gender, clinical presentation, TNM stage, distant metastases and extent of thyroidectomy. Primary and independent prognostic factors are age and disease stage at the time of diagnosis.
Is medullary thyroid cancer common?
Medullary thyroid cancer is rare, making up about 3% of all thyroid cancer cases. If a nodule is found on your thyroid, your doctor will want to evaluate the node to rule out cancer.
How do I know if I have medullary thyroid cancer?
The Diagnosis of Medullary Thyroid Cancer is Made by Fine Needle Aspiration (FNA) Biopsy. The diagnosis of medullary thyroid cancer is made with an ultrasound guided small sampling of cells from the thyroid gland or neck lymph nodes (or both in some instances).
Is medullary thyroid cancer slow growing?
Medullary thyroid cancer can grow slowly for years and has time for the medullary thyroid cancer to spread into the lymph nodes which are doing their job of capturing the cancerous cells before they can spread further.
What causes medullary cancer?
The cause of medullary carcinoma of the thyroid (MTC) is unknown. MTC is very rare. It can occur in children and adults. Unlike other types of thyroid cancer, MTC is less likely to be caused by radiation therapy to the neck given to treat other cancers during childhood.
Is medullary cancer rare?
Medullary breast cancer is a very rare type of invasive ductal breast cancer which accounts less than 5% of all breast cancers. Medullary breast cancer is somewhat more common in people who are carriers of a genetic mutation known as BRCA-1.