Can nasopharyngeal cancer be cured with surgery?

NYU Langone doctors may use surgery to remove nasopharyngeal cancer that does not respond to radiation therapy or chemoradiation or for cancer that returns after these treatments. Surgery may also be used to remove tumors that are limited to the nasopharynx and do not extensively affect adjacent areas.

How curable is nasopharyngeal carcinoma?

Many cancers of the nasopharynx can be cured, especially if they are found early. Descriptions of the common types of treatments used for NPC are listed below. Your care plan may also include treatment for symptoms and side effects, an important part of cancer care. The main treatment for NPC is radiation therapy.

Why surgical treatment for cancer of nasopharynx is not recommended?

Because the nasopharynx is a hard place to operate on and because other types of treatment often work well, surgery is not usually the main treatment for people with nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC). Surgery is more often done to remove lymph nodes in the neck that haven’t responded to other treatments.

What is Stage 3 nasopharyngeal?

Stage 3 nasopharyngeal cancer means one of the following: The cancer has spread to nearby bones and air cavities (sinuses). It might also have spread to lymph nodes on one or both sides of the neck, or behind the throat, but not anywhere else. The affected lymph nodes are not more than 6 cm across.

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Can stage 4 nasopharyngeal cancer be cured?

They’re often curable if the cancer hasn’t spread beyond the head and neck region. Overall, about 50 out of every 100 people (50%) diagnosed with nasopharyngeal cancer will live for five years or more after diagnosis. Survival rates are better for younger people, but worse for older people.

How do you get rid of nasopharyngeal cancer?

Treatment of stage IV nasopharyngeal cancer may include the following:

  1. Chemotherapy given with radiation therapy, followed by more chemotherapy.
  2. Radiation therapy.
  3. Radiation therapy followed by surgery to remove cancer-containing lymph nodes in the neck that remain or come back after radiation therapy.

Does nasopharyngeal cancer spread?

Nasopharyngeal carcinoma frequently spreads (metastasizes) beyond the nasopharynx. Most people with nasopharyngeal carcinoma have regional metastases. That means cancer cells from the initial tumor have migrated to nearby areas, such as lymph nodes in the neck.

Is nasopharyngeal carcinoma rare?

Nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) is quite rare. In most parts of the world (including the United States), there’s less than one case for every 100,000 people each year. This cancer is much more common in certain parts of South Asia, the Middle East, and North Africa.

What is a nasopharyngeal mass?

A nasopharyngeal tumor is a growth that forms in the nasopharynx, or the uppermost portion of the throat that is found behind the nasal cavity. The nasopharynx serves as a passageway for air from the nose to the throat and eventually to the lungs. A tumor in the nasopharynx may be either benign or malignant.

How is nasopharyngeal carcinoma diagnosed?

Nasopharyngeal carcinoma is diagnosed by biopsy of the tumor, which is often performed in clinic with a use of a small endoscope. This allows the head and neck surgeon to visualize the tumor and its extent. Imaging techniques (MRI and/or CT scan) may also help determine the extent of the tumor.

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What is undifferentiated nasopharyngeal carcinoma?

Abstract. Undifferentiated carcinoma of the nasopharynx (UCNT) is a particular head and neck epidermoid lineage tumor related to the Epstein Barr Virus (EBV). It has geographically selective endemic epidemiologic features, without relation to external carcinogens.

Who nasopharyngeal carcinoma classification?

NPC has historically been classified into different histological subtypes: Type 1 (I) squamous cell carcinoma; Type 2a (II) keratinizing undifferentiated carcinoma; and Type 2b (III) non-keratinizing undifferentiated carcinoma.

What is nodal stage?

Introduction. Nodal disease is most frequently staged using the TNM staging system. This classifies tumours according to Tumour extent, Nodal involvement and the presence or absence of Metastases. The nodal stage is of prognostic value and therefore influences the choice of therapy.