How is teratoma testicular cancer treated?

Testicular teratomas are benign lesions and are treated with enucleation, if possible, and then postoperative observation. Testicular immature teratomas are also benign germ cell tumors, and surgery alone (enucleation if possible) is definitive treatment.

Is testicular teratoma curable?

Testicular cancer overall has become one of the most treatable solid organ malignancies and is associated with a fairly good prognosis. There is a 5 year survival rates for testicular teratoma for approximately 90% in patients with good prognostic features.

Is testicular teratoma cancerous?

Testicular teratoma is a neoplasm derived from germ cells of the testicle. It can display diverse biological behavior with an aggressive nature at times, and therefore it must be promptly diagnosed and treated.

Is testicular teratoma aggressive?

Testicular teratoma, unlike ovarian teratoma, is often aggressive in its biological behavior, and often exists as part of testicular mixed germ cell tumors.

What causes testicular teratoma?

Teratomas result from a complication in the body’s growth process, involving the way that your cells differentiate and specialize. Teratomas arise in your body’s germ cells, which are produced very early in the development of the fetus. Some of these primitive germ cells become your sperm- and egg-producing cells.

Does teratoma respond to chemotherapy?

Germ cell tumors are highly sensitive to chemotherapy and are usually curable even if the cancer has spread. But chemotherapy is not very effective for a type of germ cell tumor called a teratoma. This type needs to be removed with surgery.

THIS IS IMPORTANT:  At which layer does basal cell carcinoma occur?

Can you survive teratoma?

The overall survival was 95% and morbidity or mortality rates were consistent over the 40-year period of the study. In a more recent series, all 26 patients diagnosed with benign teratomas survived. Seven of 20 patients with long-term follow-up developed neuropathic bladder or bowel disturbances.

Can teratomas spread?

Most malignant teratomas can spread throughout the body, and have spread by the time of diagnosis. Blood cancers are often associated with this tumor, including: Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML)

How fast does non seminoma spread?

Seminomas tend to grow and spread more slowly than nonseminomas, which are more common, accounting for roughly 60 percent of all testicular cancers.

What does seminoma look like?

At gross pathologic analysis, classic seminoma is typically tan to pale yellow, solid, and fleshy. It is most often a well-circumscribed mass. Frequently, small foci of hemorrhage and necrosis are present (16).

What is pure teratoma?

Background: Pure testicular teratoma in adults is a relatively rare malignant tumor with the ability to invade and metastasize. Pure teratoma generally is believed to be less aggressive and less likely to progress, to present in lower stages, and to have better survival rates then other forms of germ cell tumor.

What’s the difference between seminoma and nonseminoma?

Seminomas are very sensitive to radiation therapy. Nonseminoma: This more common type of testicular cancer tends to grow more quickly than seminomas. Nonseminoma tumors are often made up of more than one type of cell, and are identified according to these different cell types: Choriocarcinoma (rare)

THIS IS IMPORTANT:  Question: How does telomerase enable cancer cells?

What is the most aggressive testicular tumor?

Nonseminomatous Germ Cell Tumors

Embryonal carcinoma: present in about 40 percent of tumors and among the most rapidly growing and potentially aggressive tumor types. Embryonal carcinoma can secrete HCG or alpha fetoprotein (AFP).