How often is testicular cancer misdiagnosed?

The nodule is painless in at least 90% of patients, and misdiagnosis is common: Testicular cancer is misdiagnosed in 25% of patients, and the average time from initial signs and symptoms to definitive treatment is three to six months.

What can be mistaken for testicular cancer?

More common than testicular cancer is epididymitis, which is inflammation of the epididymis, a tubular structure next to the testicle where sperm mature.

How do you rule out testicular cancer?

Histology. The only way to definitively confirm testicular cancer is to examine part of the lump under a microscope. These tests and reports are called histology.

Can you trust testicular ultrasound?

Testicles are contained within a sac called the scrotum. The ultrasound procedure is safe, very low-risk, and non-invasive. The examination takes place entirely outside the body.

Do I have testicular cancer or something else?

Symptoms of testicular cancer may include: A painless lump or swelling on either testicle. If found early, a testicular tumor may be about the size of a pea or a marble, but it can grow much larger. Pain, discomfort, or numbness in a testicle or the scrotum, with or without swelling.

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What is the average size of a testicular cancer lump?

Typical symptoms are a painless swelling or lump in 1 of the testicles, or any change in shape or texture of the testicles. The swelling or lump can be about the size of a pea, but may be larger.

Can you have a lump on your testicle and it not be cancer?

Lumps or swelling on your testicles — or scrotal masses — are usually benign (not cancerous). But lumps can sometimes be a sign of another condition; in rare cases they may be a sign of testicular cancer. A doctor should examine your testicles and scrotum to find the cause of any lumps or swelling.

How long can you live with undiagnosed testicular cancer?

Outlook. Testicular cancer is 1 of the most treatable types of cancer, and the outlook is 1 of the best for cancers. In England and Wales, almost all men (99%) survive for a year or more after being diagnosed with testicular cancer, and 98% survive for 5 years or more after diagnosis.

How do you self check yourself for testicular cancer?

Hold the testicle between your thumbs and fingers with both hands and roll it gently between the fingers. Look and feel for any hard lumps or nodules (smooth rounded masses) or any change in the size, shape, or consistency of the testicles.

What are 5 warning signs of testicular cancer?

Five Common Signs of Testicular Cancer

  • A painless lump, swelling or enlargement of one or both testes.
  • Pain or heaviness in the scrotum.
  • A dull ache or pressure in the groin, abdomen or low back.
  • A general feeling of malaise, including unexplained fatigue, fever, sweating, coughing, shortness of breath or mild chest pains.
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Can an ultrasound miss a testicle tumor?

In most cases these lumps are benign and sometimes we just feel normal anatomy. A cancerous lump, however, needs to be excluded and a testicular ultrasound scan will be able to confirm what the lump is.

How long does it take to get results from a testicular ultrasound?

Getting the Results

In an emergency, the results of an ultrasound can be available quickly. Otherwise, they’re usually ready in 1-2 days. In most cases, results can’t be given directly to the patient or family at the time of the test.

Is a testicular ultrasound uncomfortable?

It doesn’t hurt, but you may feel pressure. Sound waves pass from your skin through the transducer. Images of your testicles will appear on a computer screen. A radiologist will review them after the ultrasound.