Cancer is a major public health concern in the United States (U.S.); it is currently the second leading cause of death among U.S. men and women after heart disease . Cancer has long been a commonly diagnosed disease in the U.S. with over a million new cases diagnosed each year .
Is cancer a global health issue?
Cancer is increasingly a global health issue. In 2012, there were 14.1 million new cancer cases and 8.2 million cancer-related deaths worldwide. The World Health Organization projects that, by 2035, the world could see 24 million new cancer cases and 14.5 million cancer-related deaths a year.
Why is cancer important to public health?
The Importance of Cancer Public Health Research
The years of life lost due to premature deaths, the economic burden due to lost productivity and the costs associated with illness and therapy, and the long-term effects of cancer and its treatment on the quality of life of survivors take a national toll.
What is public health role in cancer?
The public health community has an essential role in addressing the needs of survivors and is uniquely positioned to intervene through prevention of recurrences, second cancers, and the side effects or consequences of cancer treatment to improve quality of life for each survivor.
Is breast cancer a public health issue?
Breast cancer is the most prevalent cancer among women in the United States and other countries, making it a major public health concern.
Is cancer a prevalent disease?
Though there are more than 200 types of cancer, just these four types – breast, prostate, lung and bowel – together account for more than half (53%) of all new cases in the UK (2016-2018). [1-4] The two most common cancer types occur mainly or exclusively in only one sex.
Why is cancer so common now?
The main reason cancer risk overall is rising is because of our increasing lifespan. And the researchers behind these new statistics reckon that about two-thirds of the increase is due to the fact we’re living longer. The rest, they think, is caused by changes in cancer rates across different age groups.
Is cancer a big issue?
Cancer is a major burden of disease worldwide. Each year, tens of millions of people are diagnosed with cancer around the world, and more than half of the patients eventually die from it. In many countries, cancer ranks the second most common cause of death following cardiovascular diseases.
What is public health role?
Public health promotes the welfare of the entire population, ensures its security and protects it from the spread of infectious disease and environmental hazards, and helps to ensure access to safe and quality care to benefit the population.
What do you know about public health?
Public health is the science of protecting and improving the health of people and their communities. This work is achieved by promoting healthy lifestyles, researching disease and injury prevention, and detecting, preventing and responding to infectious diseases.
What is public health article?
Public health refers to “the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting health through organized efforts and informed choices of society, organizations, public and private, communities and individuals.” It is concerned with threats to health based on population health analysis.