What are the chances of surviving nasopharyngeal cancer?
If the cancer is located only in the nasopharynx, the 5-year survival rate is 85%. If the cancer has spread to nearby tissues or organs and/or regional lymph nodes, the 5-year survival rate is 71%. If there is distant spread to other parts of the body, the 5-year survival rate is 49%.
Does nasopharyngeal cancer cause death?
One of the most common cancers in head and neck is nasopharyngeal cancer [3, 4], which is associated with a very unique geographical distribution pattern. It is reported that there are about 86,500 cases of nasopharynx cancer and 50,000 deaths from the disease worldwide .
What is Stage 3 nasopharyngeal?
Stage 3 nasopharyngeal cancer means one of the following: The cancer has spread to nearby bones and air cavities (sinuses). It might also have spread to lymph nodes on one or both sides of the neck, or behind the throat, but not anywhere else. The affected lymph nodes are not more than 6 cm across.
What happens when nasopharyngeal cancer spread?
Most people with nasopharyngeal carcinoma have regional metastases. That means cancer cells from the initial tumor have migrated to nearby areas, such as lymph nodes in the neck. Cancer cells that spread to other areas of the body (distant metastases) most commonly travel to the bones, lungs and liver.
Is Stage 4 nasopharyngeal cancer curable?
They’re often curable if the cancer hasn’t spread beyond the head and neck region. Overall, about 50 out of every 100 people (50%) diagnosed with nasopharyngeal cancer will live for five years or more after diagnosis. Survival rates are better for younger people, but worse for older people.
Is Stage 3 nasopharyngeal cancer bad?
Stage 3: Cancer has spread to lymph nodes on both sides of the neck. Stage 4: The tumor has spread to the skull, eye, cranial nerves, salivary glands or lower part of the throat. At stage 4, nasopharyngeal cancer may also spread to distant parts of the body.
How fast does nasopharyngeal cancer spread?
The median growth rate was 1.63mm(3) per day and the median tumor doubling time was 279days. This study is the first report in the literature looking at the natural progression of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) based on clinical information.
What is the survival rate of stage 4 nasopharyngeal cancer?
Although NPC is a radiosensitive tumor, long-term survival for patients with advanced disease remains poor. According to recent studies,15,16 with RT alone, the 5-year survival rate for stage IV disease ranges between 28% and 35%.
What is a nasopharyngeal mass?
A nasopharyngeal tumor is a growth that forms in the nasopharynx, or the uppermost portion of the throat that is found behind the nasal cavity. The nasopharynx serves as a passageway for air from the nose to the throat and eventually to the lungs. A tumor in the nasopharynx may be either benign or malignant.
Who nasopharyngeal carcinoma classification?
NPC has historically been classified into different histological subtypes: Type 1 (I) squamous cell carcinoma; Type 2a (II) keratinizing undifferentiated carcinoma; and Type 2b (III) non-keratinizing undifferentiated carcinoma.
What is the nasopharyngeal?
The nasopharynx is the upper part of the throat (pharynx) that lies behind the nose. It’s a box-like chamber about 1½ inches on each edge. It lies just above the soft part of the roof of the mouth (soft palate) and just in back of the nasal passages.
What is the leading cause of nasopharyngeal cancer?
Causes of nasopharyngeal cancer
having a diet very high in salt-cured meats and fish. coming into contact with the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), a common virus that causes glandular fever. having a job where you regularly come into contact with hardwood dust or a chemical called formaldehyde.
What were your first symptoms of nasopharyngeal cancer?
The first symptom of nasopharynx cancer is usually a lump in the upper part of the neck.
Other signs and symptoms may include:
- Swelling of the neck.
- Persistent headaches.
- Nasal congestion (a blocked nose)
- Facial pain.
- Changes in hearing.
- Ringing in the ears.
- Many people have no symptoms.
Is nasopharyngeal cancer painful?
Most people with nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) notice a lump or mass in the neck that leads them to see a doctor. There may be lumps on both sides of the neck towards the back. The lumps are usually not tender or painful.