Is there more than one kind of melanoma?

Melanoma skin cancer is also called cutaneous melanoma and malignant melanoma of the skin. There are 4 main types of melanoma skin cancer – superficial spreading, nodular, lentigo maligna and acral lentiginous.

What is the most aggressive form of melanoma?

Nodular melanoma – This is the most aggressive form of cutaneous melanoma. It typically appears as a dark bump – usually black, but lesions may also appear in other colors including colorless skin tones. This type of melanoma may develop where a mole did not previously exist.

What are the 3 types of melanoma?

Types of Melanoma

  • Superficial spreading melanoma is the most common type of melanoma. …
  • Nodular melanoma is the second most common type of melanoma. …
  • Lentigo maligna melanoma tends to develop on the face, scalp, or neck. …
  • Acral lentiginous melanoma is a rare condition that affects people of all races and backgrounds.

How do you know what type of melanoma you have?

The ABCDEs of melanoma

  1. A is for Asymmetry. Most melanomas are asymmetrical. …
  2. B is for Border. Melanoma borders tend to be uneven and may have scalloped or notched edges, while common moles tend to have smoother, more even borders.
  3. C is for Color. …
  4. D is for Diameter or Dark. …
  5. E is for Evolving.
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Is there a difference between melanoma and malignant melanoma?

Melanoma is a cancer that begins in the melanocytes. Other names for this cancer include malignant melanoma and cutaneous melanoma. Most melanoma cells still make melanin, so melanoma tumors are usually brown or black.

What does Stage 1 melanoma look like?

Stage I melanoma is no more than 1.0 millimeter thick (about the size of a sharpened pencil point), with or without an ulceration (broken skin). There is no evidence that Stage I melanoma has spread to the lymph tissues, lymph nodes, or body organs.

Which is worse melanoma or carcinoma?

Melanomas are generally much more dangerous than carcinomas. Early detection helps with treatment in both cases and can be a key to dealing with the problem.

Is melanoma always malignant?

While malignant, these are unlikely to spread to other parts of the body if treated early. They may be locally disfiguring if not treated early. A small but significant number of skin cancers are malignant melanomas. Malignant melanoma is a highly aggressive cancer that tends to spread to other parts of the body.

Which type of melanoma has worse prognosis?

Melanoma diagnosed at an early stage and of a small depth had higher survival rates. Back/breast skin melanoma had poorer prognosis than other anatomic sites. Nodular melanoma had the lowest melanoma-specific survival, while superficial spreading or lentigo maligna had the best prognosis among histological subtypes.

How long does it take for melanoma to spread?

Melanoma can grow very quickly. It can become life-threatening in as little as 6 weeks and, if untreated, it can spread to other parts of the body. Melanoma can appear on skin not normally exposed to the sun. Nodular melanoma is a highly dangerous form of melanoma that looks different from common melanomas.

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What does Stage 2 melanoma look like?

Stage 2A means one of the following: the melanoma is between 1 and 2 mm thick and the outermost layer of skin covering the tumour looks broken under the microscope (it is ulcerated) the melanoma is between 2 and 4 mm thick and is not ulcerated.

What can be mistaken for melanoma?

To better illustrate the appearance of mimics, we’ll present six photographs of common skin conditions that have been mistaken for melanoma.

  • Solar Lentigo. These are more commonly known as age or liver spots. …
  • Seborrheic Keratosis. …
  • Blue Nevus. …
  • Dermatofibroma. …
  • Keratoacanthoma. …
  • Pyrogenic Granuloma.

Is melanoma a death sentence?

Metastatic melanoma was once almost a death sentence, with a median survival of less than a year. Now, some patients are living for years, with a few out at more than 10 years. Clinicians are now talking about a ‘functional cure’ in the patients who respond to therapy.