Question: How do you know if testicular cancer has spread?

What does it feel like when testicular cancer spreads?

an increase in the firmness of a testicle. a difference in apperance between 1 testicle and the other. a dull ache or sharp pain in your testicles or scrotum, which may come and go. a feeling of heaviness in your scrotum.

Can testicular cancer be cured if it has spread?

If the cancer has spread, treatments like radiation or chemo may be used. The cancer will come back in about 15% to 20% of patients, most often as spread to lymph nodes, but if it does, radiation or chemo can still usually cure the cancer.

Where does testicular cancer usually spread?

When testicular cancer spreads, it most commonly spreads to the lung and the lymph nodes of the chest, pelvis, and the base of the neck. More advanced stages may have spread to the liver and bones. Testicular cancer rarely spreads to the brain unless the primary tumor is a choriocarcinoma.

Does testicular cancer move around?

Later-Stage Symptoms

If left undiagnosed and untreated, testicular cancer may begin to spread, moving from the site of the original tumor (known as stage 1 cancer) to nearby lymph nodes (stage 2) and, finally, to distant organ systems (stage 3).

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How long can testicular cancer go unnoticed?

But other cancers can form and grow undetected for 10 years or more , as one study found, making diagnosis and treatment that much more difficult. When cancer originates in one or both testes, a man can go a long time without any obvious signs or symptoms.

What are 5 warning signs of testicular cancer?

Five Common Signs of Testicular Cancer

  • A painless lump, swelling or enlargement of one or both testes.
  • Pain or heaviness in the scrotum.
  • A dull ache or pressure in the groin, abdomen or low back.
  • A general feeling of malaise, including unexplained fatigue, fever, sweating, coughing, shortness of breath or mild chest pains.

Is testicular cancer aggressive?

An Aggressive, Yet Treatable Cancer

Testicular cancer is a rare malignancy, with only about 8,000 cases diagnosed in the United States each year. When the disease does strike, however, it can be highly aggressive. About two-thirds of patients are first diagnosed with disease that has spread, or metastasized.

Can testicular cancer go away by itself?

Testicular cancer is very curable. While a cancer diagnosis is always serious, the good news about testicular cancer is that it is treated successfully in 95% of cases. If treated early, the cure rate rises to 98%.

How bad is chemo for testicular cancer?

Chemotherapy works very well for testicular cancer but can cause side effects and complications. Common side effects from chemotherapy include fatigue, nausea and vomiting, numbness and tingling in the hands and feet, high-pitch hearing loss, and ringing in the ears.

Is testicular cancer fast growing?

Seminomas are testicular cancers that grow slowly. They’re usually confined to your testes, but your lymph nodes may also be involved. Nonseminomas are the more common form of testicular cancer. This type is faster growing and may spread to other parts of your body.

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What is the most aggressive testicular tumor?

Nonseminomatous Germ Cell Tumors

Embryonal carcinoma: present in about 40 percent of tumors and among the most rapidly growing and potentially aggressive tumor types. Embryonal carcinoma can secrete HCG or alpha fetoprotein (AFP).