Papillary thyroid cancer is the most common kind of thyroid cancer. It may also be called differentiated thyroid cancer. This kind tends to grow very slowly and is most often in only one lobe of the thyroid gland. Even though they grow slowly, papillary cancers often spread to the lymph nodes in the neck.
How quickly does papillary thyroid cancer progress?
The most common type, papillary thyroid cancer, grows very slowly. They are the same size in someone at age 80 that they were at age 40. Most of these very small thyroid cancers never pose a threat. But when someone has cancer, they or their doctor often want it out, and all surgeries carry some risk.
Where does papillary thyroid cancer spread first?
It is common for papillary thyroid cancer to spread into the lymph nodes of the neck before the cancer is discovered and diagnosed.
Is thyroid cancer fast moving?
Anaplastic thyroid cancer is one of the fastest growing and most aggressive of all cancers. It is also known as undifferentiated thyroid cancer because the cells do not look or behave like typical thyroid cells.
How likely is thyroid cancer spreading?
Medullary and anaplastic thyroid cancers, which together make up 3% of all thyroid cancers, are more likely to spread. If there is distant spread to other parts of the body, it is called metastatic disease. The 5-year survival rate for metastatic papillary thyroid cancer is 76%.
How do you know if thyroid cancer has spread?
Other symptoms of thyroid cancer that may be present early on before it has metastasized include: Changes in your voice or constant hoarseness. Pain or soreness in the front of the neck. A persistent cough.
Metastatic thyroid cancer symptoms include:
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Loss of appetite.
- Unexpected weight loss.
Can you live with papillary thyroid cancer?
Papillary carcinoma typically arises as a solid, irregular or cystic mass that comes from otherwise normal thyroid tissue. This type of cancer has a high cure rate—10-year survival rates for all patients with papillary thyroid cancer estimated at over 90%.
What is the most aggressive thyroid cancer?
Anaplastic carcinoma (also called giant and spindle cell cancer) is the most dangerous form of thyroid cancer. It is rare, and spreads quickly. Follicular tumor is more likely to come back and spread.
Can thyroid cancer come back if thyroid is removed?
Can Your Thyroid Cancer Return? Even with radioactive iodine therapy and surgery, it’s still possible that papillary thyroid cancer (also known as papillary thyroid carcinoma), the cancer may recur. Recurrent thyroid cancer may occur years—even decades—after the initial treatment for the disease.
What are early warning signs of thyroid cancer?
Signs and Symptoms of Thyroid Cancer
- A lump in the neck, sometimes growing quickly.
- Swelling in the neck.
- Pain in the front of the neck, sometimes going up to the ears.
- Hoarseness or other voice changes that do not go away.
- Trouble swallowing.
- Trouble breathing.
- A constant cough that is not due to a cold.
Is thyroid cancer fast or slow growing?
Most people do very well after treatment, but you may need follow-up care for the rest of your life. This is because most thyroid cancers grow slowly and can come back even 10 to 20 years after treatment.
Can papillary thyroid cancer turn into anaplastic thyroid cancer?
The transformation of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) to anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) is well documented in the literature but is an exceptionally rare occurrence in metastatic foci outside the primary thyroid lesion. Even rarer is the simultaneous occurrence of PTC and ATC in the cervical lymph nodes.
Can papillary thyroid cancer spread to lungs?
Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is the most frequent type with a ratio of 80% [1, 2]. PTC commonly metastasizes to regional lymph nodes. However, distant metastasis may rarely occur and accounts for 5% of the patients. The lungs and the bones are the most common sites for distant metastasis .