What are laryngeal polyps?

Laryngeal polyp is defined pathologically as a noninflammatory response to laryngeal injury usually caused by vocal cord abuse and irritation [1].

What causes polyps on the larynx?

Like vocal cord nodules, polyps can be caused by overuse or misuse of the voice, but can also be caused by a single episode of vocal abuse (such as yelling at a sports event). Another type of vocal cord polyp, polypoid corditis (Reinke’s edema), is associated almost exclusively with smoking.

Are vocal polyps serious?

About Vocal Nodules and Polyps

They are benign, or not cancerous. When you use your voice the wrong way, your vocal folds may swell. Over time, the swollen spots can get harder, like a callous. These nodules can get larger and stiffer if your vocal abuse continues.

Can a vocal polyp go away?

Vocal nodules (also known as vocal fold nodules or vocal cord nodules) can develop if you use your voice too much over a long period of time. They make your voice hoarse and change the sound of your voice. These small, benign (non-cancerous) nodules usually go away again if you rest your voice or do voice therapy.

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How are polyps removed from the larynx?

Vocal cord polypectomy is usually performed using suspension microlaryngoscopy. This optimizes visualization of the vocal cords and the larynx, but it is very stimulating and most patients will not be able to tolerate it awake or with sedation only.

How do I know if I have polyps in my throat?

Symptoms of Vocal Cord Polyps and Nodules

A breathy, airy voice. A scratchy, gravelly or rough voice. Delayed sound or voice cracking when you begin to speak. Limited singing range, especially in the higher register.

Does acid reflux cause vocal cord polyps?

GERD has been implicated in the pathogenesis of vocal cord nodules and polyps, possibly due to adductory collision of the vocal cord by the effect of reflux, which results in local trauma, inflammation, and irritation [12].

Should throat polyps be removed?

While these growths are not an indicator of cancer or precancerous tissue, they do require treatment. If they are not treated in a timely manner, it can lead to damage to the vocal cords, including scarring, which can become permanent. Dr. Jerome Hester, ENT, takes a very mindful approach to vocal cord disorders.

What happens if vocal nodules go untreated?

Left untreated, the growths can lead to voice strain as your body attempts to compensate for your injury. In many cases, voice therapy can teach you how to use your voice more efficiently and without strain so your injury heals. In some cases, surgery is needed to remove the growths.

Can vocal cord polyps grow?

Vocal cord polyps are benign lesions that can grow on the vocal cord. Unlike polyps in the colon, the term polyp, when used to describe something on the vocal cord, means a benign, inflammatory growth that is VERY unlikely to turn into a cancer.

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Do vocal polyps hurt?

As the nodule gets larger, you may feel a lump in your throat or even some pain, but generally the only symptoms you may have are a hoarse voice, cracking or scratchy voice, difficulty changing your pitch or using your whole range, or a new airy quality to your voice.

Is Laryngomalacia serious?

In most cases, laryngomalacia in infants is not a serious condition — they have noisy breathing, but are able to eat and grow. For these infants, laryngomalacia will resolve without surgery by the time they are 18 to 20 months old.

How do you get rid of polyps in your throat?

In most cases, a doctor will remove them. Some polyps won’t require treatment because they are unlikely to be harmful. Throat polyps typically go away on their own with rest and voice therapy. A doctor will sometimes remove polyps surgically as a precaution against the future development of cancer.