What are the different types of cancer and describe each?
Types of Cancer
Carcinoma is a cancer that starts in the skin or the tissues that line other organs. Sarcoma is a cancer of connective tissues such as bones, muscles, cartilage, and blood vessels. Leukemia is a cancer of bone marrow, which creates blood cells. Lymphoma and myeloma are cancers of the immune system.
How many types of cancer is there?
There are more than 100 types of cancer, and some are more common than others, depending on things like your age, gender, and racial or ethnic group.
Why are there different types of cancer?
But vary in some ways because body organs do very different things. For example, nerves and muscles do different things, so the cells have different structures. There are more than 200 types of cancer and we can classify cancers according to where they start in the body, such as breast cancer or lung cancer.
What are five main types of cancer describe them briefly?
The major types of cancer are carcinoma, sarcoma, melanoma, lymphoma, and leukemia. Carcinomas — the most commonly diagnosed cancers — originate in the skin, lungs, breasts, pancreas, and other organs and glands. Lymphomas are cancers of lymphocytes. Leukemia is cancer of the blood.
What are the 5 most common types of cancer?
The Top 10 Cancers of America
- 1 – Skin cancer.
- 2 – Lung cancer.
- 3 – Prostate cancer.
- 4 – Breast cancer.
- 5 – Colorectal cancer.
- 6 – Kidney (renal) cancer.
- 7 – Bladder cancer.
- 8 – Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma.
What are the 3 most common types of cancer?
The top three – breast, colorectal and lung cancers – contributed 43.9% of all cancers (excluding non-melanoma skin cancer). Cervical cancer was the fourth most common cancer in women, contributing 6.9% of the total number of new cases diagnosed in 2018.
What are the 12 types of cancer?
What’s on this page
- Bladder cancer.
- Breast cancer.
- Cervical cancer.
- Colon cancer.
- Kidney cancer.
- Lung cancer.
- Ovarian cancer.
- Pancreatic cancer.
What is the most common type of cancer?
The most common type of cancer on the list is breast cancer, with 284,200 new cases expected in the United States in 2021. The next most common cancers are prostate cancer and lung cancer.
What is the rarest type of cancer?
7 types of rare cancers:
- Head and neck cancer. Cancers known as head and neck cancers usually begin in the squamous cells that line the mucosal surfaces inside the head and neck (e.g. mouth, the nose and throat). …
- Sarcoma. …
- Thyroid cancer. …
- Neuroendocrine cancer. …
- Brain tumours. …
- Lymphoma. …
- Paediatric (childhood) cancer.