What causes a warthin’s tumor?

The exact underlying cause of Warthin tumor is currently unknown. However, smoking is thought to increase the risk of developing the tumor. Some studies suggest that radiation exposure and autoimmune disorders may also be associated with Warthin tumor.

Should a warthin tumor be removed?

Unlike pleomorphic adenomas, Warthin’s tumor presents less than 1% risk of malignant evolution [5]. That is why surgery is not necessary when the preoperative diagnosis is certain and surgery should be avoided as often as possible because of the risk of facial nerve injury during surgery [6], [7].

Are warthin tumors genetic?

The potential genetic predisposition of Warthins tumour, via point mutation and genetic translocation (as mentioned previously), is also supported in all of the cases described, as each case series were direct relatives.

How common is warthin tumor?

Warthin tumor, also known as papillary cystadenoma lymphomatosum,2 is a fairly common tumor. It makes up 14% to 30% of parotid tumors1 and is well known among otolaryngologists.

Can warthin tumor become malignant?

The malignant transformation of Warthin’s tumour is extremely rare (0.3%). The malignant transformation of its lymphoid component into malignant lymphoma is relatively common, whereas, an epithelial malignancy in Warthin’s tumour is extremely rare [3,4].

THIS IS IMPORTANT:  Question: What happens to the brain after chemotherapy?

Are warthin tumors painful?

Warthin tumor is a benign tumor of the salivary gland. The first symptom is usually a painless, slow-growing bump in front of the ear, on the bottom of the mouth, or under the chin. Warthin tumors may increase in size over time, but few become cancerous.

What is warthin’s?

Warthin’s tumor, also known as papillary cystadenoma lymphomatosum, is a benign cystic tumor of the salivary glands containing abundant lymphocytes and germinal centers (lymph node-like stroma).

Is warthin’s tumor bilateral?

Warthin’s tumors occur bilateral in 7-10%, whereas a multifocal appearance is extremely rare. Even if the pathogenesis is still unclear a heterotopia of salivary tissue during embryogenesis is the most likely explanation for the origin of these tumors in the upper neck and periparotideal region.

Do benign parotid tumors have to be removed?

Treatment Surgery is recommended for almost all parotid gland tumors, whether cancerous or benign. Although most tumors grow slowly and are non-cancerous, they will often continue to grow and occasionally can become cancerous. Treatment of a parotid tumor generally requires removing the parotid gland (parotidectomy).

What happens when parotid gland is removed?

Permanent damage is possible but usually occurs in only the most difficult cases. Depending on the branch of the nerve that is damaged you may experience: • Weakness of the lower lip, leading to a slightly crooked smile. Weakness of the eyelids, making it difficult to keep the eye closed.

How do you shrink warthin’s tumor?

Standard treatment for Warthin’s tumour is excision of the lesion, which typically requires a parotidectomy. Smaller tumours can be removed by extra-capsular dissection and in some cases where the diagnosis is clear these benign lesions can be left in situ and kept under observation.

THIS IS IMPORTANT:  How serious is a squamous cell carcinoma lymph nodes?