Localized—Cancer is limited to the place where it started, with no sign that it has spread. Regional—Cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes, tissues, or organs. Distant—Cancer has spread to distant parts of the body. Unknown—There is not enough information to figure out the stage.
What does local cancer mean?
Listen to pronunciation. (LOH-kul KAN-ser) An invasive malignant cancer confined entirely to the organ where the cancer began.
What does staging mean in cancer?
Staging is the process of finding out how much cancer is in a person’s body and where it’s located. It’s how the doctor determines the stage of a person’s cancer.
What does locally advanced cancer mean?
Listen to pronunciation. (LOH-kuh-lee ad-VANST KAN-ser) Cancer that has spread from where it started to nearby tissue or lymph nodes.
How do you read cancer staging?
- Stage 0 means there’s no cancer, only abnormal cells with the potential to become cancer. …
- Stage I means the cancer is small and only in one area. …
- Stage II and III mean the cancer is larger and has grown into nearby tissues or lymph nodes.
- Stage IV means the cancer has spread to other parts of your body.
What is the most aggressive cancer?
Lung cancer is the most aggressive form of cancer. Smoking and tobacco use are the major causes of it. Low-dose CT scans, which can detect cancer earlier, have improved survival rates for those with lung cancer, even among heavy smokers.
When cancer spreads to lymph nodes what stage is it?
stage III – the cancer is larger and may have spread to the surrounding tissues and/or the lymph nodes (part of the lymphatic system) stage IV – the cancer has spread from where it started to at least one other body organ; also known as “secondary” or “metastatic” cancer.
Why is staging of cancer important?
Cancer staging provides helpful information for both patients and doctors: The stage suggests the most likely outcome. Knowing the stage gives an educated estimate of life expectancy and the chance of a cure. Treatment will be planned and recommended based on the stage of the cancer.
What are the 3 stages of cancer development?
The three-stage theory of carcinogenesis is one of the most common explanations for the development of cancer. This theory divides cancer development into three stages: initiation, promo- tion, and progression.
Which stage cancer is curable?
“For most tumors, we consider stage IV not a curable situation, whereas stages I, II, and III are all potentially curable.” However, for some more serious forms of cancer, such as pancreatic and lung cancer, even stages II and III carry lower odds of a good outcome.
What is the difference between locally advanced and metastatic cancer?
When the cancer has spread only to nearby tissues or lymph nodes, it is called locally advanced cancer. When the cancer has spread to other parts of the body, it is called metastatic cancer. The liver, lungs, lymph nodes and bones are common areas of metastasis.
What is locally advanced stage?
Locally advanced breast cancer (LABC) is a term that encompasses breast cancer that is inoperable or is operable only by mastectomy at initial presentation. This includes T3 or T4 tumors and any N2 or N3 disease (Stage IIB-T3N to Stage III, AJCC 2003).
What stage is locally advanced breast cancer?
What is stage 3 breast cancer? Also known as locally advanced breast cancer, the tumor in this stage of breast cancer is more than 2 inches in diameter across and the cancer is extensive in the underarm lymph nodes or has spread to other lymph nodes or tissues near the breast.