Salivary gland tumors are abnormal cells growing in the salivary gland or in the tubes (ducts) that drain the glands. Salivary gland tumors can be noncancerous (benign) or cancerous (malignant). Although most salivary gland tumors are benign, some are malignant.
What is the most common benign salivary gland neoplasm?
Pleomorphic adenoma (PA) is the most common benign tumor of major or minor salivary glands.
What is a parotid neoplasm?
A salivary gland tumor or parotid tumor is cancer beginning in one of your salivary glands. It’s not just a single disease. You actually have various salivary glands near and inside your mouth. Many types of-cancerous (benign) tumors and cancer can develop in these salivary glands.
What percentage of salivary gland tumors are malignant?
About 80 percent of salivary gland tumors start in these glands. About 75 percent of these tumors are benign (usually a type called pleomorphic adenomas) and 25 percent are malignant.
What are the symptoms of salivary gland cancer?
Possible signs and symptoms of salivary gland cancer include:
- A lump or swelling in your mouth, cheek, jaw, or neck.
- Pain in your mouth, cheek, jaw, ear, or neck that does not go away.
- A difference between the size and/or shape of the left and right sides of your face or neck.
- Numbness in part of your face.
What type of doctor removes salivary glands?
Who treats salivary gland cancer? Depending on your situation, you may have different types of doctors on your treatment team: An otolaryngologist (also known as an ear, nose, and throat, or ENT doctor): a surgeon who treats certain diseases of the head and neck.
What causes salivary gland infection?
Salivary Infection: Causes
The most common causes of acute salivary gland infections are bacteria, especially Staphylococcus aureus, or staph. Viruses and fungi can also cause infection in the glands. (Mumps is an example of a viral infection of the parotid glands.)
What is a neoplasm?
Listen to pronunciation. (NEE-oh-PLA-zum) An abnormal mass of tissue that forms when cells grow and divide more than they should or do not die when they should. Neoplasms may be benign (not cancer) or malignant (cancer).
Is salivary gland tumor curable?
Many salivary gland cancers can often be cured, especially if found early. Although curing the cancer is the primary goal of treatment, preserving the function of the nearby nerves, organs, and tissues is also very important.
Should a benign parotid tumor be removed?
Treatment Surgery is recommended for almost all parotid gland tumors, whether cancerous or benign. Although most tumors grow slowly and are non-cancerous, they will often continue to grow and occasionally can become cancerous. Treatment of a parotid tumor generally requires removing the parotid gland (parotidectomy).
How long does it take to recover from salivary gland surgery?
A saliva duct is a tube that carries saliva from the gland into the mouth. The area below your jaw may be sore for several days after your surgery. The area also may be slightly swollen or bruised. It will probably take 1 to 2 weeks for the cut (incision) to heal.
Do salivary gland tumors hurt?
In most cases, salivary gland cancer causes a painless lump on a salivary gland. If a salivary gland tumor is malignant, you are more likely to experience other symptoms, including: Weakness or numbness in the face, neck, jaw or mouth. Persistent pain in the face, neck, jaw or mouth.
How common are salivary gland tumors?
Salivary gland cancers are not very common, making up less than 1% of cancers in the United States. They occur at a rate of about 1 case per 100,000 people per year in the United States. These cancers can occur in people of almost any age, but they become more common as people get older.