In stage 3 nasopharyngeal cancer, the cancer: Is found in the nasopharynx only or has spread from the nasopharynx to the oropharynx and/or to the nasal cavity. Cancer has spread to one or more lymph nodes on both sides of the neck.
What is Stage 3 nasopharyngeal?
Stage 3 nasopharyngeal cancer means one of the following: The cancer has spread to nearby bones and air cavities (sinuses). It might also have spread to lymph nodes on one or both sides of the neck, or behind the throat, but not anywhere else. The affected lymph nodes are not more than 6 cm across.
Does nasopharyngeal cancer cause death?
One of the most common cancers in head and neck is nasopharyngeal cancer [3, 4], which is associated with a very unique geographical distribution pattern. It is reported that there are about 86,500 cases of nasopharynx cancer and 50,000 deaths from the disease worldwide .
What is nasopharyngeal cancer stage 4?
In stage IVB, cancer has spread beyond the lymph nodes in the neck to distant lymph nodes, such as those between the lungs, below the collarbone, or in the armpit or groin, or to other parts of the body, such as the lung, bone, or liver.
What is advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma?
Nasopharyngeal (nay-zoh-fuh-RIN-jee-ul) carcinoma is cancer that occurs in the nasopharynx, which is located behind your nose and above the back of your throat. Nasopharyngeal carcinoma is rare in the United States. It occurs much more frequently in other parts of the world — specifically Southeast Asia.
What is a nasopharyngeal mass?
A nasopharyngeal tumor is a growth that forms in the nasopharynx, or the uppermost portion of the throat that is found behind the nasal cavity. The nasopharynx serves as a passageway for air from the nose to the throat and eventually to the lungs. A tumor in the nasopharynx may be either benign or malignant.
Is Stage 3 nasopharyngeal cancer bad?
Stage 3: Cancer has spread to lymph nodes on both sides of the neck. Stage 4: The tumor has spread to the skull, eye, cranial nerves, salivary glands or lower part of the throat. At stage 4, nasopharyngeal cancer may also spread to distant parts of the body.
What is the prognosis for stage 3 nasopharyngeal cancer?
The 5-year disease-specific survival rate for the 173 patients was 32.3%, and the 5-year disease-specific survival rates for the groups of patients according to their stages were 100% for stage I, 85.7% for stage IIa, 54.5% for stage IIb, 30.4% for stage III, 25.0% for stage IVa, and 25.0% for stage IVb.
Is nasopharyngeal cancer aggressive?
Nasopharyngeal cancer is often aggressive, so it may grow and spread quickly. Generally, the earlier nasopharyngeal cancer is diagnosed and treated, the better the outcome. But often nasopharyngeal cancer is not found until it is at an advanced stage, which can make it harder to treat.
How fast does nasopharyngeal cancer spread?
The median growth rate was 1.63mm(3) per day and the median tumor doubling time was 279days. This study is the first report in the literature looking at the natural progression of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) based on clinical information.
What were your first symptoms of nasopharyngeal cancer?
The first symptom of nasopharynx cancer is usually a lump in the upper part of the neck.
Other signs and symptoms may include:
- Swelling of the neck.
- Persistent headaches.
- Nasal congestion (a blocked nose)
- Facial pain.
- Changes in hearing.
- Ringing in the ears.
- Many people have no symptoms.
Can nasopharyngeal cancer be cured?
Many cancers of the nasopharynx can be cured, especially if they are found early. Descriptions of the common types of treatments used for NPC are listed below. Your care plan may also include treatment for symptoms and side effects, an important part of cancer care. The main treatment for NPC is radiation therapy.