What increases a person’s risk for colon cancer?
Your risk of getting colorectal cancer increases as you get older, but getting regular physical activity and keeping a healthy weight may help lower your risk. Inflammatory bowel disease such as Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis. A personal or family history of colorectal cancer or colorectal polyps.
Which of the following is most highly associated with colon cancer?
The following lifestyle factors can increase your risk of developing colon or rectal cancer: A sedentary lifestyle (physical inactivity) Being overweight or obese. Heavy alcohol use.
Why is colon cancer more common in males?
Conclusions. As there are minimal sex differences in the data from routes to diagnosis to survival, the higher mortality of colorectal cancer in men appears to be a result of exogenous and/or endogenous factors pre-diagnosis that lead to higher incidence rates.
Who is prone to colon cancer?
Both men and women are equally at risk for colon cancer. Colorectal cancer is most common among people aged 50 and older but can occur in patients as young as teenagers. Over 75% of colon and rectal cancers happen to people with no known risk factors, which is why regular screening is so important.
What was your first colon cancer symptom?
A persistent change in your bowel habits, including diarrhea or constipation or a change in the consistency of your stool. Rectal bleeding or blood in your stool. Persistent abdominal discomfort, such as cramps, gas or pain. A feeling that your bowel doesn’t empty completely.
What are the top 10 signs of colon cancer?
Don’t Ignore these Signs and Symptoms of Colon Cancer
- Blood in stools. If you find blood on or mixed in with your stools, this could be a sign that you have colon cancer. …
- Changes in stools. …
- Rectal bleeding. …
- Trouble passing stool. …
- Anemia. …
- Abdominal pain. …
- Weight loss. …
What food causes colon cancer?
Just like processed meats, processed grains can also increase your risk of colon cancer. Refined grains in white bread and other white flour foods can increase blood sugar levels, which lead to insulin resistance. This can raise your risk of colon cancer—as well as other cancers like kidney cancer.
What diet is a major risk for colon cancer?
Certain types of diets
A diet that’s high in red meats (such as beef, pork, lamb, or liver) and processed meats (like hot dogs and some luncheon meats) raises your colorectal cancer risk. Cooking meats at very high temperatures (frying, broiling, or grilling) creates chemicals that might raise your cancer risk.
How treatable is colon cancer?
Cancer of the colon is a highly treatable and often curable disease when localized to the bowel. Surgery is the primary form of treatment and results in cure in approximately 50% of the patients. Recurrence following surgery is a major problem and is often the ultimate cause of death.
How fast does colon cancer grow?
Colon cancer, or cancer that begins in the lower part of the digestive tract, usually forms from a collection of benign (noncancerous) cells called an adenomatous polyp. Most of these polyps will not become malignant (cancerous), but some can slowly turn into cancer over the course of about 10-15 years.
Can you survive colon cancer?
For colon cancer, the overall 5-year survival rate for people is 63%. If the cancer is diagnosed at a localized stage, the survival rate is 91%. If the cancer has spread to surrounding tissues or organs and/or the regional lymph nodes, the 5-year survival rate is 72%.