A major factor is geography – that is proximity to the equator (the line on the globe that gets the greatest amount of sun). Generally speaking, the closer to the equator someone lives, the greater the amount and intensity of sun exposure they receive.
Does Australia have the highest rate of melanoma?
According to Australia’s Department of Health and Ageing, Australia and New Zealand have the highest skin cancer incidence and mortality rates in the world! In both countries, the risk of people developing melanoma before the age of 75 is 1 in 24 for males and 1 in 34 for females.
Why do Australia and New Zealand have the highest skin cancer rates?
New Zealand is located under more of the ozone hole than Australia and is also less polluted, allowing more UV through the atmosphere. Over the years Australians have become more aware of the dangers of melanoma and have adopted a ‘SunSmart’ approach due to on-going skin cancer prevention campaigns.
Is Australia the melanoma capital of the world?
Australia is the skin cancer capital of the world. More than 11,500 Australian men and women are diagnosed with a melanoma each year, and an estimated 434,000 people are treated for one or more non-melanoma1 skin cancers. Skin cancer accounts for over 80% of all new cases of cancer diagnosed in Australia each year.
Which country has the highest rates of melanoma in the world why?
Australia had the highest rate of melanoma in 2018, followed by New Zealand.
How many Australians get melanoma a year?
Skin cancer accounts for the largest number of cancers diagnosed in Australia each year. In 2016, an estimated 13,280 new cases of melanoma will be diagnosed in Australia, and 1,770 people will die from this disease.
How common are melanomas in Australia?
Melanoma is the most deadly form of skin cancer. It is estimated 1300 people will die from melanoma in Australia this year. Melanoma is the most common cancer affecting 15 to 39-year-old Australians. Melanoma is the third most common cancer in Australian men, after prostate and colorectal cancer.
Why does Australia have so much cancer?
Basically, through migration, our two countries have been populated by many people with fair skin whose ancestors come from much less sunny climates. Lack of protective pigmentation leaves skin cells especially vulnerable to the DNA-damaging rays from the sun.
What country has the lowest cancer rate?
Syria has the lowest cancer rate in the world of 85 cases per 100,000 people. Bhutan, Algeria, Nepal, and Oman followed with rates below 100.
Why is Australian sun so strong?
Australia’s unusually harsh sunshine results mainly from its location in the Southern Hemisphere. The elliptical orbit of the Earth places the Southern Hemisphere closer to the sun during its summer months than the Northern Hemisphere during its summer.
Why the mortality rate from melanoma is so much higher in males than in females?
Perhaps the biggest reason skin cancer is more common in men than in women has to do with the fact that men are simply less likely to employ adequate sun protection techniques across the board. In fact, studies estimate that men are about half as likely to use sun protection in comparison to women.
Which ethnic group first settled Australia?
Australia’s first people—known as Aboriginal Australians—have lived on the continent for over 50,000 years.
Is Australia close to the equator?
Australia is 1,727.33 mi (2,779.88 km) south of the equator, so it is located in the southern hemisphere.