Brain stem glioma is a type of central nervous system (CNS; brain and spinal cord) tumor. This type of tumor begins when healthy cells in the brain stem change and grow out of control, forming a mass called a tumor. A tumor can be cancerous or benign.
Can tumors be removed from brain stem?
Because the brain stem is a small area that is so essential for life, it might not be possible to surgically remove tumors in this area.
How common are brain stem tumors in adults?
Brainstem gliomas are not nearly as common in adults as they are in children. They are likely the final common consequence not of a single disease process but of several. They can be difficult to diagnose, and are challenging to treat. Clinical studies of this diagnosis are few and generally small.
What is a Tumour in the brain stem called?
Brain stem gliomas are a group of tumours located in the area of the brain called the brainstem.
What happens if you have a tumor on your brain stem?
These tumors can impact normal brainstem function, leading to common symptoms that include the following: Abnormalities in eye movement. Weakness of one side of the face. Numbness or weakness of the extremities.
How serious is a tumor on the brain stem?
The brainstem, where the brain connects to the spinal cord, controls such basic functions as breathing, heartbeat, and other critical functions. Tumors that develop in this area of the brain are especially difficult to treat, since any intervention in the area can cause devastating neurological damage.
What are the symptoms of a tumor on the brain stem?
Symptoms of a Brainstem Tumor
- Problems in eye movement or eyelids, such as inability to gaze to the side, drooping eyelid(s), and double vision.
- Facial weakness, causing asymmetry or drooping of saliva.
- Trouble swallowing, or gagging while eating.
- Limb weakness, difficulty walking or standing, abnormal gait.
What was your first brain tumor symptom?
First signs and symptoms of a brain tumor may be severe headaches and seizures. Severe, persistent headaches that may not be related to an existing illness such as migraine is considered a common finding in patients with a brain tumor. Pain may be worse in the mornings and may be associated with nausea or vomiting.
Can brain tumor symptoms come on suddenly?
These tumors might cause different signs and symptoms, depending on where they are and how fast they are growing. Signs and symptoms of brain or spinal cord tumors may develop gradually and become worse over time, or they can happen suddenly, such as with a seizure.
What do lesions on the brain stem mean?
Brain lesions are a type of damage to any part of brain. Lesions can be due to disease, trauma or a birth defect. Sometimes lesions appear in a specific area of the brain. At other times, the lesions are present in a large part of the brain tissue. At first, brain lesions may not produce any symptoms.
Why do people get brain tumors?
Doctors are not sure what causes most brain tumors. Mutations (changes) or defects in genes may cause cells in the brain to grow uncontrollably, causing a tumor. The only known environmental cause of brain tumors is having exposure to large amounts of radiation from X-rays or previous cancer treatment.
How long do brain tumors last?
Survival rates for more common adult brain and spinal cord tumors
|Type of Tumor||5-Year Relative Survival Rate|
|Low-grade (diffuse) astrocytoma||73%||46%|