Hepatitis D, also known as the hepatitis delta virus, is an infection that causes the liver to become inflamed. This swelling can impair liver function and cause long-term liver problems, including liver scarring and cancer.
Which hepatitis can lead to liver cancer?
Chronic viral hepatitis
Worldwide, the most common risk factor for liver cancer is chronic (long-term) infection with hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV). These infections lead to cirrhosis of the liver and are responsible for making liver cancer the most common cancer in many parts of the world.
Does Hepatitis D affect the liver?
Hepatitis D can be an acute, short-term infection or become a long-term, chronic infection. Hepatitis D can cause severe symptoms and serious illness that can lead to life-long liver damage and even death.
How bad is hepatitis D?
It can cause serious symptoms that can lead to lifelong liver damage and even death. It’s sometimes called hepatitis delta virus (HDV) or delta hepatitis. Although it isn’t common in the United States, HDV is the most severe form of hepatitis. Over time, it can lead to liver cancer or liver failure.
Which type of hepatitis is the main cause of liver disease?
Hepatitis C is a viral infection that causes liver inflammation, sometimes leading to serious liver damage. The hepatitis C virus (HCV) spreads through contaminated blood.
Which Hepatitis causes cancer?
Hepatitis C is the most common blood-borne infection in the United States. It’s also the leading cause of liver cancer.
What are the early warning signs of liver cancer?
When signs and symptoms do appear, they may include:
- Losing weight without trying.
- Loss of appetite.
- Upper abdominal pain.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- General weakness and fatigue.
- Abdominal swelling.
- Yellow discoloration of your skin and the whites of your eyes (jaundice)
- White, chalky stools.
How long can I live with hepatitis D?
In cases where a liver transplant is needed, approximately 70 percent of people live 5 years or longer after the operation.
Can hepatitis D be cured totally?
There is currently no cure for hepatitis D, but treatment can help people manage the condition. For people with chronic hepatitis D, a doctor will often prescribe a medicine called pegylated interferon-alpha, which reduces the risk of the condition worsening. People will usually take this for at least 48 weeks .
Who is at risk for hepatitis D?
Hepatitis D can only occur if the person has hepatitis B. Hepatitis D virus (HDV) and hepatitis B virus (HBV) may infect a person at the same time or HDV infection may occur in persons with chronic HBV infection. Others risk groups include: Injection drug users.
Where is Hepatitis D most common?
Hepatitis D is most common in Eastern Europe, Southern Europe, the Mediterranean region, the Middle East, West and Central Africa, East Asia, and the Amazon Basin in South America.
What kind of virus is hepatitis D?
Hepatitis D virus (HDV) is a virus that requires hepatitis B virus (HBV) for its replication. Hepatitis D virus (HDV) affects globally nearly 5% of people who have a chronic infection with hepatitis B virus (HBV).
Can you be born with hepatitis D?
Both forms of infection can cause a chronic, long-term illness. Age of onset can occur at birth through mother to child transmission (rare), and more importantly, can occur through infection as an adult.
Which hepatitis is not curable?
How to prevent hepatitis B. Hepatitis B is a liver infection caused by a virus (called the hepatitis B virus, or HBV). It can be serious and there’s no cure, but the good news is it’s easy to prevent.
What are signs that your liver is not functioning properly?
If signs and symptoms of liver disease do occur, the may include:
- Skin and eyes that appear yellowish (jaundice)
- Abdominal pain and swelling.
- Swelling in the legs and ankles.
- Itchy skin.
- Dark urine color.
- Pale stool color.
- Chronic fatigue.
- Nausea or vomiting.
Which type of hepatitis is more severe?
Hepatitis Delta is considered to be the most severe form of hepatitis because of its potential to quickly lead to more serious liver disease than hepatitis B alone. Of the 292 million people living with chronic hepatitis B, approximately 15-20 million are also living with hepatitis D.