Tonsil cancer is a form of oropharyngeal cancer that occurs when the cells that make up the tonsils grow out of control and form lesions or tumors. There are three types of tonsils: pharyngeal tonsils (adenoids) at the back of the throat.
What is the survival rate of tonsil cancer?
People with HPV-positive tonsil cancer have a 5-year “disease-free” survival rate of 85% to 90%. Disease-free survival means they have no signs of cancer during the 5 years after their diagnosis.
Where does tonsil cancer start?
Tonsil cancer begins when cancerous cells develop in the tonsils. It can occur in people who have had their tonsils removed, as some tonsil tissue often remains after surgery. Drinking alcohol, smoking, and having HPV appear to increase the risk. The tonsils sit toward the back of the throat, one on either side.
What does a cancerous tonsil look like?
The most common symptom of tonsil cancer, one they enlarge, is asymmetrical tonsils followed by a persistent sore throat. In later stages, individuals may have ear pain and enlarged lymph nodes. Tonsil cancer can develop as squamous cell carcinoma or other rare cancers such as lymphoma or sarcoma.
How common is tonsillar cancer?
Tonsil cancer is considered an oral or oropharyngeal cancer. It’s the most common oropharyngeal cancer, making up about 23 percent of mouth and throat cases, according to a 2021 study published in StatPearls Publishing. It’s also a head and neck cancer, since these tissues are located in that part of the body.
How do you fight tonsil cancer?
Early-stage tonsil cancer is often treated with radiation therapy. A promising treatment called induction chemotherapy is also used to shrink the tonsil tumor. Advanced cancer cases usually require a combination of surgery, radiation and chemotherapy.
Is HPV tonsil cancer curable?
Throat cancer caused by HPV is highly treatable, even when it’s spread to nearby lymph nodes. Typically, the first step in treatment is removing the tumor and any affected lymph nodes. That often can be accomplished with a minimally invasive procedure called transoral robotic surgery that’s performed through the mouth.
Is tonsil cancer the same as throat cancer?
Tonsil cancer is classified as head and neck cancer, throat cancer, and oropharynx cancer. Tonsil cancer can develop even in people who’ve had their tonsils removed because a small piece of tonsil tissue may be left behind.
Where does tonsil cancer metastasis to?
Tonsillar carcinoma (TC) usually metastasizes locally to the cervical lymph nodes . Early stage cancers rarely have distal metastasis  but advanced stage cancers can have metastasis beyond cervical lymph nodes.
Does a swollen tonsil mean cancer?
The most common symptom of tonsil cancer is an enlarged tonsil. If both tonsils are swollen or enlarged, the problem is less likely to be tonsil cancer, but you should still speak with your doctor about your condition.
How long do tonsil biopsy results take?
A result can often be given within 2 to 3 days after the biopsy. A result that requires a more complicated analysis can take 7 to 10 days. Ask your doctor how you will receive the biopsy results and who will explain them to you.
Are asymmetrical tonsils always cancerous?
Therefore, the presence of tonsil asymmetry without factors such as suspicious appearance, significant systemic signs and symptoms, progressive enlargement of the tonsil, concomitant neck adenopathies, and history of malignancy or immunocompromise, may not indicate malignancy, as a sole clinical feature.
Can only one tonsil be infected?
The tonsils are located at the back of the throat, and a virus or bacterium usually causes the infection and inflammation. An infection in just one tonsil can cause pain on one side. It may also cause a fever, trouble swallowing, and noisy breathing. Bacterial tonsillitis usually resolves with antibiotic treatment.
Can you get tonsil cancer without tonsils?
Whether people have had their tonsils removed or not, they still might develop tonsil cancer and should be educated about the disease. Answering questions about tonsil cancer is Ann Gillenwater, M. D., professor in Head and Neck Surgery at MD Anderson.
Is tonsil cancer a lymphoma?
What is Tonsil Cancer (Lymphoma of the Tonsil) Tonsil cancer may be of the Lymphoma type and usually arise from the lymphatic cells which are found in the wall of the tonsils. The pharynx is the continuation of the nose and mouth.
Does HPV cause tonsil cancer?
Most people clear HPV within one to two years, but HPV infection persists in some people. HPV can infect the mouth and throat and cause cancers of the oropharynx (back of the throat, including the base of the tongue and tonsils). This is called oropharyngeal cancer.