Where is the first place colon cancer spreads?
Colon cancer most often spreads to the liver, but it can also spread to other places like the lungs, brain, peritoneum (the lining of the abdominal cavity), or to distant lymph nodes. In most cases surgery is unlikely to cure these cancers.
Where does colon cancer usually metastasize to?
Colon cancer usually spreads to the liver. It can also spread to the lungs, the lining of the abdomen (peritoneum), the ovaries, the brain, or other organs. Recent advances in treatment have improved the outlook for people with metastatic colon cancer.
What are the most common sites for metastases in colon cancer?
Metastasis is the major cause of death in patients with colorectal carcinoma (CRC). The most common sites of metastasis are the liver and the peritoneum. Peritoneal carcinomatosis is often considered the end stage of the disease after the tumor has spread to the liver.
How fast does colon cancer spread to other organs?
The research also suggests that once a colon carcinoma develops, if it is going to spread outside the colon, it will do so in less than two years.
What is the survival rate of metastatic colon cancer?
If the cancer is diagnosed at a localized stage, the survival rate is 91%. If the cancer has spread to surrounding tissues or organs and/or the regional lymph nodes, the 5-year survival rate is 72%. If colon cancer has spread to distant parts of the body, the 5-year survival rate is 14%.
How fast does colon cancer spread to the liver?
Liver Metastasis Can Happen Fast
About 20% to 25% of people are first diagnosed with colon cancer after the cancer has already spread to the liver, according to a study in Euroasian Journal of Hepato-Gastroenterology, and 40% to 50% see spread to the liver within three years of the original colon cancer diagnosis.
How long does it take for colon cancer to progress to Stage 4?
Colon cancer, or cancer that begins in the lower part of the digestive tract, usually forms from a collection of benign (noncancerous) cells called an adenomatous polyp. Most of these polyps will not become malignant (cancerous), but some can slowly turn into cancer over the course of about 10-15 years.
What are the signs of end stage colon cancer?
- Blood (usually dark red or black) in the stool.
- Constipation and diarrhea. …
- Long, thin, pencil-like stools. …
- Fatigue and weakness. …
- Abdominal pain or bloating. …
- Unexplained weight loss. …
- Nausea and vomiting, which may happen if the tumor causes an obstruction.
Can you survive colon cancer that has spread to the liver?
Richard Burkhart, a Johns Hopkins cancer surgeon and researcher, advancements in the treatment of liver tumors caused by colon cancer have improved survival rates drastically. In fact, 40-60 percent of patients treated for isolated colon cancer liver metastasis are still alive five years after treatment.
How does metastatic colon cancer progress?
Metastatic Colorectal Cancer May Spread Early in the Disease, Study Finds. Colorectal cancer cells can break away from the original tumor and travel through the blood or lymph system to other parts of the body, including the liver, lungs, and brain.
Does colon cancer cause sharp pains?
Sharp abdominal pain could indicate a blockage or perforation in the bowel. Severe and long lasting abdominal pain, bloating and cramping can be a sign of growing tumors, as can nausea and vomiting.
Is there a cure for metastatic colon cancer?
Cure is not possible for most patients with metastatic colorectal cancer, although some patients who have limited involvement of distant organs (particularly restricted to the liver and/or lung) can be cured with surgery. For others, chemotherapy is the most appropriate option.
Where is abdominal pain located with colon cancer?
Colorectal cancer can cause abdominal pain near the area of the colon, as well as: changes in bowel movements, such as constipation or diarrhea. bright red blood in the stool. an urgency to have bowel movements, but which do not provide relief.
Can you live 10 years with stage 4 colon cancer?
Stage IV colon cancer has a relative 5-year survival rate of about 14%. This means that about 14% of people with stage IV colon cancer are likely to still be alive 5 years after they are diagnosed.
Is colon cancer aggressive or slow growing?
Colon cancer is typically slow-growing, starting as a benign polyp that eventually becomes malignant. This process may occur over many years without producing any symptoms. Once colon cancer has developed, it may still be years before it is detected.