Although the small intestine makes up the largest part of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, small intestine cancers are rare in the United States. In fact, they account for fewer than 1 in 10 cancers of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, and fewer than 1 in 100 cancers overall.
Is small intestine cancer curable?
The early stages of small intestine cancer are often curable. Surgery is typically the main treatment for small intestine cancer. When the tumor is localized, surgery is the only treatment that can cure small intestine cancer.
What happens in small intestine cancer?
Small intestine cancer is a rare disease where cells in the tissue of the small intestine change. They grow out of control and can form a mass, or tumor. The small intestine (also called “small bowel”) connects your stomach to your large intestine.
How do you know if you have small intestine cancer?
Signs and symptoms of small intestine cancer include unexplained weight loss and abdominal pain. These and other signs and symptoms may be caused by small intestine cancer or by other conditions. Check with your doctor if you have any of the following: Pain or cramps in the middle of the abdomen.
How is small intestine cancer detected?
In addition to a physical examination, the following tests may be used to diagnose small bowel cancer: Blood tests. A test of the number of red blood cells in the blood can indicate whether the cancer is causing any bleeding. Tests for your liver and kidney function may also be performed.
How do you know if you have cancer in your intestines?
A persistent change in your bowel habits, including diarrhea or constipation or a change in the consistency of your stool. Rectal bleeding or blood in your stool. Persistent abdominal discomfort, such as cramps, gas or pain. A feeling that your bowel doesn’t empty completely.
How can you prevent small intestine cancer?
At this time, there is no known way to prevent most small intestine adenocarcinomas. There are some factors that might increase the risk for these cancers, such as smoking, drinking alcohol, and eating a diet that’s high in red meats, so making healthier choices concerning these risk factors might lower your risk.
Where does small intestine cancer spread to?
Cancer is named for the place where it starts. So when small intestine cancer spreads to the liver (or any other place), it’s still called small intestine cancer. It’s not called liver cancer unless it starts from cells in the liver.
What percentage of small intestine tumors are malignant?
Malignant tumors of the small bowel are unusual and account for only 1% to 5% of all gastrointestinal tract malignancies.
Will a CT scan show bowel cancer?
A CT colonography can help identify potentially cancerous areas in people who cannot have a colonoscopy because of other medical reasons. It’s less invasive than a colonoscopy, but you may still need to have colonoscopy or flexible sigmoidoscopy at a later stage so any abnormal areas can be removed or biopsied.
Does CT scan show small intestine?
As the liquid passes through the digestive tract, the CT scanner takes pictures of the small intestine, which can help reveal possible tumors that might be difficult to see on a standard CT scan.
What is the survival rate of small intestine cancer?
When detected at an early stage, the 5-year survival rate for small bowel cancer is 85%. If small bowel cancer has spread to surrounding tissues or organs and/or the regional lymph nodes, the 5-year survival rate is 76%. If the cancer has spread to a distant part of the body, the 5-year survival rate is 42%.