What is metastatic bladder cancer? Metastatic (stage IV) bladder cancer has spread beyond the bladder to the wall of the abdomen or pelvis. It may also have spread to lymph nodes and distant sites in the body. It is usually treated with chemotherapy and, more recently, immunotherapy.
Is metastatic bladder cancer curable?
Metastatic bladder cancer is difficult to cure because it has already traveled to other parts of the body. The later you’re diagnosed and the farther the cancer has traveled, the less chance that your cancer will be cured. The 5-year survival rate is the rate of surviving for 5 years after a cancer diagnosis.
What does it mean when bladder cancer metastasis?
Usually, metastatic bladder cancer refers to cancer that has spread to distant organs, but metastasis can occur locally in the muscles and connective tissues that are directly adjacent to the bladder as well.
Where does bladder cancer usually metastasize to?
Lymph nodes, bones, lung, liver, and peritoneum are the most common sites of metastasis from bladder cancer.
What causes metastatic bladder cancer?
While the exact cause of bladder cancer is not known, certain risk factors are linked to the disease, including tobacco smoking and exposure to certain chemicals and gases. Also, people with a family history of bladder cancer have a high risk of developing the disease.
How long do people live with metastatic bladder cancer?
For a person with stage 4 bladder cancer, the 5-year relative survival rate is around 5 percent . This means that the person is 5 percent as likely as someone without cancer to live for a minimum of 5 years after diagnosis.
What is the life expectancy of someone with metastatic cancer?
A patient with widespread metastasis or with metastasis to the lymph nodes has a life expectancy of less than six weeks. A patient with metastasis to the brain has a more variable life expectancy (one to 16 months) depending on the number and location of lesions and the specifics of treatment.
What is the treatment for metastatic bladder cancer?
Combination chemotherapy is the treatment of choice for metastatic bladder cancer. Methotrexate, vinblastine, doxorubicin, and cisplatin (MVAC) was for many years the preferred regime; however, patients experienced high toxicity levels.
What are the 5 warning signs of bladder cancer?
Here are five warning signs to watch for:
- Blood in the urine (hematuria). This is the most common early symptom of bladder cancer and typically the first sign of bladder cancer that is seen. …
- UTI-like symptoms. …
- Unexplained pain. …
- Decreased appetite. …
- Postmenopausal uterine bleeding.
What are the symptoms of metastatic bladder cancer?
Symptoms of metastatic bladder cancer
- Blood in the urine.
- Frequent urination.
- Pain or burning during urination.
- Need to urinate despite an empty bladder.
- Being unable to urinate.
- Lower back and abdominal pain.
- Swelling in the feet.
- Fatigue and weakness.
Where does bladder cancer usually spread to first?
Bladder cancer can spread this way. If it does, it usually first spreads to the lymph nodes in the pelvis around the bladder (called perivesicular lymph nodes). From there, it can spread to lymph nodes that are close to major blood vessels that run into the leg and pelvis.
Does bladder cancer spread quickly?
It is an early stage cancer but is always high grade. This means it can grow quickly and might spread. If you have bladder carcinoma in situ your doctor will start treatment straight away.
Is bladder cancer a death sentence?
Bladder cancer is not a death sentence. With chemotherapy and a healthy lifestyle, many people have recovered and are enjoying life cancer-free. After years of successful treatment for bladder cancer, the medical industry has learned a lot about bladder cancer.
What is the number one cause of bladder cancer?
Smoking is the single biggest risk factor for bladder cancer. This is because tobacco contains cancer-causing (carcinogenic) chemicals. If you smoke for many years, these chemicals pass into your bloodstream and are filtered by the kidneys into your urine.
Does drinking alcohol cause bladder cancer?
Conclusion: No significant association between alcohol consumption and bladder cancer risk was found in the entire population, but there was a linear dose-response relation in those who consume alcohol from liquor or spirits. Alcohol may elevate the risk of bladder cancer in males in a dose-independent way.
Which of the following is usually the first symptom of bladder cancer?
For most people, the first symptom of bladder cancer is blood in the urine, also called hematuria. Sometimes the blood is visible, prompting the patient to visit a doctor.