How many stages of testicular cancer are there?

There are 3 stages of testicular cancer: stages I, II, and III (1, 2, and 3). The stage provides a common way of describing how advanced the cancer is so that doctors can work together to plan the best treatment.

Is there a stage 4 testicular cancer?

Doctors also use a cancer’s stage when talking about survival statistics. The earliest stage of testicular cancer is stage 0 (also called germ cell neoplasia in situ, or GCNIS). The other stage groupings range from I (1) through III (3). There is no stage IV (4) testicular cancer.

Is Stage 3 testicular cancer treatable?

Even though stage III cancers have spread by the time they are found, most of them can still be cured. Both stage III seminomas and non-seminomas are treated with radical inguinal orchiectomy, followed by chemo.

Is Stage 2 testicular cancer curable?

Patients with Stage II testicular seminoma have a curable cancer that involves the testis and the retroperitoneal lymph nodes. Retroperitoneal lymph node involvement is further characterized by the number of nodes involved and the size of involved nodes.

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What are 5 warning signs of testicular cancer?

Five Common Signs of Testicular Cancer

  • A painless lump, swelling or enlargement of one or both testes.
  • Pain or heaviness in the scrotum.
  • A dull ache or pressure in the groin, abdomen or low back.
  • A general feeling of malaise, including unexplained fatigue, fever, sweating, coughing, shortness of breath or mild chest pains.

Can you live a full life with testicular cancer?

The five-year survival rate is more than 95 percent, far higher than the overall five-year adult cancer survival rate (68 percent). For patients who receive a diagnosis when the tumor remains confined to a single testicle — and most patients do — the long-term effects of the disease tend to be minimal.

How bad is chemo for testicular cancer?

Chemotherapy works very well for testicular cancer but can cause side effects and complications. Common side effects from chemotherapy include fatigue, nausea and vomiting, numbness and tingling in the hands and feet, high-pitch hearing loss, and ringing in the ears.

Do your balls hurt if you have testicular cancer?

Symptoms of testicular cancer may include: A painless lump or swelling on either testicle. If found early, a testicular tumor may be about the size of a pea or a marble, but it can grow much larger. Pain, discomfort, or numbness in a testicle or the scrotum, with or without swelling.

Is testicular cancer genetic?

Almost half of the risk of developing testicular cancer comes from the DNA passed down from our parents, a new study reports. The research suggests genetic inheritance is much more important in testicular cancer than in most other cancer types, where genetics typically accounts for less than 20% of risk.

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How long can you live with Stage 3 testicular cancer?

If your cancer has metastasized, or spread, the outlook is still good, with a 5-year survival rate of 72.8% for men with stage 3 testicular cancer.

How long is chemo for testicular cancer?

Chemo cycles generally last about 3 to 4 weeks. The main drugs used to treat testicular cancer are: Cisplatin.

What does Stage 3 testicular cancer mean?

Stage 3 testicular cancer means that the cancer has spread to lymph nodes or other organs. It is split into 3A, 3B and 3C. These refer to where the cancer has spread and the levels of the markers in the blood.

How long can you live with untreated testicular cancer?

The general 5-year survival rate for men with testicular cancer is 95%. This means that 95 men out of every 100 men diagnosed with testicular cancer will live at least 5 years after diagnosis. The survival rate is higher for people diagnosed with early-stage cancer and lower for those with later-stage cancer.

Is testicular cancer fatal?

Testicular cancer is a potentially deadly disease. Although it accounts for only 1.2% of all cancers in males, cancer of the testis accounts for about 11%-13% of all cancer deaths of men between the ages of 15-35.

Can testicular cancer be cured?

If the cancer returns following treatment for stage 1 testicular cancer and it’s diagnosed at an early stage, it’s usually possible to cure it using chemotherapy and possibly also radiotherapy. Some types of recurring testicular cancer have a cure rate of over 95%.