What are the risk factors of basal cell carcinoma?

Who is most at risk for basal cell carcinoma?

The risk of basal cell carcinoma is higher among people who freckle or burn easily or who have very light skin, red or blond hair, or light-colored eyes. Increasing age. Because basal cell carcinoma often takes decades to develop, the majority of basal cell carcinomas occur in older adults.

What is the cause of basal cell carcinoma?

Most basal cell and squamous cell skin cancers are caused by repeated and unprotected skin exposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays from sunlight, as well as from man-made sources such as tanning beds. UV rays can damage the DNA inside skin cells.

What are five risk factors for basal and squamous cell carcinoma?

Basal and Squamous Cell Skin Cancer Risk Factors

  • Ultraviolet (UV) light exposure. …
  • Having light-colored skin. …
  • Being older. …
  • Being male. …
  • Exposure to certain chemicals. …
  • Radiation exposure. …
  • Previous skin cancer. …
  • Long-term or severe skin inflammation or injury.
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Can you go in the sun after basal cell carcinoma?

If you’ve had skin cancer, you should avoid spending too long in the sun. Use a sunscreen product with at least a sun protector factor (SPF) of 15 and apply generously. Your skin cancer specialist might suggest a high factor sunscreen such as 50 on any exposed skin.

Should I worry about basal cell carcinoma?

Basal cell carcinoma is a cancer that grows on parts of your skin that get a lot of sun. It’s natural to feel worried when your doctor tells you that you have it, but keep in mind that it’s the least risky type of skin cancer. As long as you catch it early, you can be cured.

What are the chances of basal cell carcinoma spreading?

Prognosis of Basal Cell Carcinoma

Treatment of basal cell carcinoma is nearly always successful, and the cancer is rarely fatal. However, almost 25% of people with a history of basal cell carcinoma develop a new basal cell cancer within 5 years of the first one.

How do you prevent basal cell carcinoma recurrence?

How to Prevent a Recurrence

  1. Keep all follow-up appointments.
  2. Do a self-exam to check for skin cancer at least once a month. …
  3. Avoid sun exposure. …
  4. Put about two tablespoons of sunscreen on your skin 30 minutes before going out in the sun.

Can carcinoma be prevented?

The most important way to lower your risk of skin cancers (including MCC) is to limit your exposure to UV rays. Practice sun safety when you are outdoors.

Which is worse squamous cell carcinoma or basal cell carcinoma?

Though not as common as basal cell (about one million new cases a year), squamous cell is more serious because it is likely to spread (metastasize). Treated early, the cure rate is over 90%, but metastases occur in 1%–5% of cases. After it has metastasized, it’s very difficult to treat.

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What medications can cause basal cell carcinoma?

The findings showed that certain types of high blood pressure drugs — known as thiazide diuretics — were associated with higher rates of keratinocyte skin cancers, including basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, advanced keratinocyte carcinoma and melanoma.

Does vitamin D cause melanoma?

133, 637–641 (2013). Tang, J. Y. et al. Inverse association between serum 25(OH) vitamin D levels and non-melanoma skin cancer in elderly men. Cancer Causes Control 21, 387–391 (2010).

Is BCC malignant or benign?

Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is most often a benign form of skin cancer caused by exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light. However, it’s the most frequently occurring form of all skin cancers, with more than 3 million people developing BCC in the U.S. every year. 1.

Are skin cancers itchy?

Skin cancers often don’t cause bothersome symptoms until they have grown quite large. Then they may itch, bleed, or even hurt. But typically they can be seen or felt long before they reach this point.