What test can detect testicular cancer?

An ultrasound is often the first test done if the doctor thinks you might have testicular cancer. It uses sound waves to produce images of the inside of your body. It can be used to see if a change is a certain benign condition (like a hydrocele or varicocele) or a solid tumor that could be a cancer.

What two tests can be used to confirm testicular cancer?

What to expect during your appointment: exam, blood test, and ultrasound. First, the doctor will examine your testicles for lumps or swelling. A blood test will be performed to test for certain proteins in your blood. These proteins are called tumor markers and can be used to diagnose testicular cancer.

How do I check if I have testicular cancer?

Usually, an enlarged testicle or a small lump or area of hardness are the first signs of testicular cancer. Any lump, enlargement, hardness, pain, or tenderness should be evaluated by a doctor as soon as possible.

What blood test is used for testicular cancer?

Blood Tests

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Tumor markers that may be used to detect testicular cancer include alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG).

Can a CT scan detect testicular cancer?

To determine whether cancer has spread outside of your testicle, you may undergo: Computerized tomography (CT) scan. CT scans take a series of X-ray images of your abdomen, chest and pelvis. Your doctor uses CT scans to look for signs that cancer has spread.

What are 5 warning signs of testicular cancer?

Five Common Signs of Testicular Cancer

  • A painless lump, swelling or enlargement of one or both testes.
  • Pain or heaviness in the scrotum.
  • A dull ache or pressure in the groin, abdomen or low back.
  • A general feeling of malaise, including unexplained fatigue, fever, sweating, coughing, shortness of breath or mild chest pains.

How can I test myself for testicular cancer?

Hold the testicle between your thumbs and fingers with both hands and roll it gently between the fingers. Look and feel for any hard lumps or nodules (smooth rounded masses) or any change in the size, shape, or consistency of the testicles.

Can a blood test detect testicular cancer?

Some blood tests can help diagnose testicular tumors. Many testicular cancers make high levels of certain proteins called tumor markers, such as alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) and human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG). When these tumor markers are in the blood, it suggests that there’s a testicular tumor.

Does testicular cancer hurt to touch?

Testicular cancer

Most tumors do not cause any pain. The lump will usually form on the front or side of a testicle. It will often feel hard, and the entire testicle may feel firmer than usual.

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What can be mistaken for testicular cancer?

More common than testicular cancer is epididymitis, which is inflammation of the epididymis, a tubular structure next to the testicle where sperm mature.

How long can you live with untreated testicular cancer?

The general 5-year survival rate for men with testicular cancer is 95%. This means that 95 men out of every 100 men diagnosed with testicular cancer will live at least 5 years after diagnosis. The survival rate is higher for people diagnosed with early-stage cancer and lower for those with later-stage cancer.

Can testicular cancer be cured?

If the cancer returns following treatment for stage 1 testicular cancer and it’s diagnosed at an early stage, it’s usually possible to cure it using chemotherapy and possibly also radiotherapy. Some types of recurring testicular cancer have a cure rate of over 95%.

Can a radiologist tell if it is testicular cancer?

Imaging of Testicular Cancers. The radiologist plays an important role in initial identification of a testicular mass, staging, and imaging surveillance.

Can a doctor feel testicular cancer?

The first step in diagnosing testicular cancer is having a doctor or nurse do an exam to feel for any abnormal lumps or swelling. If they end up finding any possible signs of cancer they’ll give you more tests. A testicular ultrasound is a painless test that doctors can use to diagnose testicular cancer.