Why might a doctor choose to treat a cancer using chemotherapy instead of surgery?

Chemo is considered a systemic treatment because the drugs travels throughout the body, and can kill cancer cells that have spread (metastasized) to parts of the body far away from the original (primary) tumor. This makes it different from treatments like surgery and radiation.

Why do doctors use chemotherapy instead of surgery?

Chemotherapy, radiation therapy or both may be used as adjuvant therapy to destroy cancer cells left behind after surgery and to lower the risk of cancer coming back, or recurring. These treatments may also be used to destroy any cancer cells that may have spread to other parts of the body.

What is the advantage of using chemotherapy to treat cancer over using surgery?

Chemotherapy may shrink your cancer or slow down its growth, which may help you live longer and help with your symptoms. For a small number of people with borderline resectable cancer, chemotherapy may shrink the cancer enough to make surgery to remove the cancer possible.

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Why do doctors recommend chemotherapy?

Doctors often recommend chemotherapy as a treatment for cancer. Chemotherapy uses drugs that kill dividing cancer cells and prevent them from growing. Many chemotherapy drugs have adverse effects that can be severe.

Why is chemotherapy better than other treatments?

“Chemotherapy remains one of the best ways to treat cancer because it attacks cancer cells that we can see, but can’t remove through surgery or radiation,” explains Dr. Dunbar. “In addition, it is the best and frankly, the only way to treat the cancer cells we cannot see.”

Is chemotherapy an alternative to surgery?

Used before surgery, chemotherapy can reduce the size of the sarcoma, making surgery less invasive for a patient. In cases where cancer has spread, chemotherapy eliminates microscopic areas of metastasis.

When is chemo necessary?

Chemotherapy is almost always recommended if there is cancer in the lymph nodes, regardless of tumor size or menopausal status. Doctors recommend more aggressive treatments for premenopausal women diagnosed with invasive breast cancer.

How do doctors use chemotherapy for cancer?

Chemotherapy is a drug treatment that uses powerful chemicals to kill fast-growing cells in your body. Chemotherapy is most often used to treat cancer, since cancer cells grow and multiply much more quickly than most cells in the body. Many different chemotherapy drugs are available.

What are the benefits of cancer treatments?

Benefits of Chemotherapy

  • Prevent your cancer from spreading.
  • Slow the growth of your cancer.
  • Kill cancer cells that have spread to other parts of your body (metastatic cancer)

What are the advantages and disadvantages of using radiotherapy and chemotherapy?

Chemotherapy damages cancer cells while radiation therapy damages the DNA of the cancer cells, causing them to die. Chemotherapy generally causes more side effects than radiation therapy, such as hair loss, anemia, and severe nausea.

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What happens if you choose not to have chemotherapy?

If you decide to stop chemotherapy, be sure you’re still getting relief from symptoms such as pain, constipation, and nausea. This is called palliative care, and it’s meant to improve your quality of life. Medications and other treatments, such as radiation, are part of palliative care.

What is used in chemotherapy?

There are several types of alkylating agents used in chemotherapy treatments: Mustard gas derivatives: Mechlorethamine, Cyclophosphamide, Chlorambucil, Melphalan, and Ifosfamide. Ethylenimines: Thiotepa and Hexamethylmelamine. Alkylsulfonates: Busulfan.

Do doctors refuse chemo?

Can you refuse chemotherapy? Yes. Your doctor presents what he or she feels are the most appropriate treatment options for your specific cancer type and stage while also considering your overall health, but you have the right to make final decisions regarding your care.

Does chemo get easier with each treatment?

The effects of chemo are cumulative. They get worse with each cycle. My doctors warned me: Each infusion will get harder. Each cycle, expect to feel weaker.

Is chemotherapy the best option?

Chemotherapy is still a mainstay of most cancer treatment. It’s saved millions of lives and for most cancer patients, it’s still the best option.

How efficient is chemotherapy?

Chemotherapy is a powerful treatment that involves taking medications to damage cancerous cells. The goal is to prevent these cells from dividing and multiplying.

Lung cancer.

N-SC lung cancer stage
Treatment choice Early stage (1 & 2) Late stage (3 & 4)
Surgery plus chemo and/or radiotherapy 16% 7%
Chemo alone 1% 18%
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